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Medical aspects of cycling- Spine, and lumbago. The vertebral column is the axis that stabilizes the musculoskeletal structures of the upper limbs and, mainly, the powerful motive force to best bike us of the lower limbs.
And the lumbar spine represents, in cycling, an important anatomical link between the trunk and the basin. Lumbar pain is a clinical complaint in more than 80% of people and leads them to seek medical advice at some point in their lives. It needs medical aspects of cycling all time.
The lumbar spine, especially in high-performance cycling, is subject to intense stresses and marked tensions, compression, and twisting forces. The lumbar region and lumbosacral transition represent a relatively fragile zone of the human body, since the cyclist undergoes two types of work-stress: the repetitive impacts, accentuated by the high speed, irregularities of the ground, and that particularly increase the tension forces and (L4-L5) and between the 5th lumbar vertebra and the 1st sacral (L5-S1); and, during physical exercise, the intense contraction of the paravertebral muscles, which stabilizes the spine. Best high-performance cycling in folding bike and pleasant it-
Medical aspects of cycling
Medical aspects of cycling, when the pedal is not cadenced, rhythmic and uniform, has excessively required lumbosacral muscles, causing Mecano-postural extensions in the bony and muscle-ligament structures, as well as in the cartilages and discs of the spine. It is in susceptible individuals one of the causes of lumbago and lumbosacatalgia (lumbar pain that extends to one or both lower limbs), also known as sciatica or sciatica. Low back pain and sciatica are currently responsible for approximately 30% of pain complaints in the world population.
The degenerative disease of the intervertebral disc is closely related to these symptoms. It is a natural process of spinal aging in which all individuals will be subject. This process begins around the age of 15, progressing from 45 to 70 years of age, with ruptures of the disc and degeneration of the joints, worsening especially after the 60 years with neurological changes.
The intervertebral disc is a structure composed of a colloidal gel, constituted by 80% of liquid (water), located centrally in the disc nucleus or also called nucleus pulposus, and protected peripherally by a fibrous ring. The disk has fundamentally elastic properties. It is noteworthy that the intervertebral disc has an intimate anatomical relationship with the nervous elements of the vertebral column. Among the diseases that the disc may suffer, anatomical deformations and disc dehydration are the most common, which conditions may coexist with disc herniation, which is defined as the displacement of the contents of the nucleus pulposus through the fibrous ring, by the rupture of the fibers thereof. The deformations are represented by bulges, protrusions, and discus extrusions,
The change in habits of the population contributed to the increase of the factors that favor the degenerative process of the discs of the spine and determined that the degenerative disc disease represented an extremely common disease, with frequent symptoms in individuals from the third decade of life. These deformations and disc dehydration represent one of the stages of degeneration of the intervertebral disc and are of fundamental importance in this process is the best bike us, due to the intense pain that patient’s experience of medical aspects of cycling.
The diagnosis is based on the clinical evaluation of the patient, with a detailed history of the disease, supported by the physical orthopedic and neurological examinations.
Complementary exams include simple radiographs, computed tomography (for assessment of bone structures), and/or magnetic resonance imaging of the spine (for detailing intervertebral discs and nerve structures). The treatment consists in the use of medicines for the control of pain, the inflammatory process and the neurological alterations: sensations of numbness, tingling, decreased the muscular strength of one or both lower limbs. Conventional physical therapy, Global Postural Re-education (RPG), acupuncture and Pilates are treatments usually indicated for patient rehabilitation.
In the prevention of low back pain and other conditions of the spine, a primary objective in any disease, adequate choice of bicycle size is indicated, and the current tendency is to always use a smaller number than the recommendations related to the height of the bicycle. and the height of the horse; the realization of bike fit, with which the bicycle adjusts to the cyclist’s body; the inclusion in the training schedule of bodybuilding sessions: because strengthened muscles provide greater protection for bones and joints; and finally, prevention can be accomplished by means of strengthening and development of proprioception (sensitivity to bones, muscles, tendons and joints, which provides information about the body’s static, equilibrium and displacement in space) of the trunk , called core training. Best bike us broadcasting for you-
This work should preferably be done during the pre-season or even during the competitive year. Basically, this training aims to strengthen the abdominal and pectoral muscles, as well as the stretching and strengthening of the dorsolumbar muscles, since these are, in most cases of medical aspects of cycling, weaker than the flexors of the anterior trunk.