Road cycling on highways is a discipline, whose history began in 1868. Implies a race on road bikes on a solid road surface. Since 1896 is an Olympic sport.
The highest activity of the road cycling competition is in spring-summer-autumn. At this time, the most prestigious competitions. In terms of commercial relations, this is the most popular discipline in cycling.
Highway cycling takes its origins in France and the UK, where the first races were held. There he received active development and spread to other countries. The most important road competitions are held in Europe, they include classic one-day events and Grand Tours. Most of the races originated in the late XIX-early XX centuries.
A significant role in the world of road cycling was played by bicycle equipment manufacturers. For them, it was a great way to show their developments and advances in technology, which attracted the attention of buyers. Therefore, the races were always held in the cities or close to them, for local residents it was almost a holiday with a lot of entertainment.
Cycling on the highway has always been an expensive pleasure; representatives of the working class could not participate in such races. It was an elite hobby. Good bike and equipment were expensive. Now the cost of a professional bike can start from $ 10,000. However, nothing prevents to get the budget model and participate in amateur races.
Types of competition
There are group races and races with a separate start. The UCI classification divides the bicycle race into categories, which are assigned numerical values. In competitions, cyclists must earn points for the UCI rating.
Types of road racing cycling
- classic one-day
- criterion (round robin)
- multi-day race
- Grand Tour (three-week competition, stage 21)
- In turn, multiple days are divided into several types:
- prologue – a short race with separate start
- ITT (Individual time trial) – race against time with the separate start
- TTT (Team time trial) – team time trial
- sprint stage – minimum height difference, riding in the peloton
- crossed stage – many climbs and hillocks
- mountain stage – one or more high-rise climbs
- “Royal” mountain stage – a stage with a large number of difficult climbs
Teams T shirts
Professional teams must have a commercial sponsor. The composition of the team may be international. The team includes the following elements: racers, sports directors, mechanics, massage therapists, doctors, technical vehicles and a team bus.
Prize T-shirts are trophies. They are played out in classifications of multi-day events, after each stage the intermediate leader is awarded a T-shirt. There are the following types of T-shirts:
- T-shirt leader general classification
- top sprinter shirt
- jersey of the mountain king
- shirt of the best young rider
- world champion shirt
- national champion’s shirt
Road Cycling Tactics
The main group is the largest formation of cyclists in the distance. In this peloton, good wind protection is easier to ride cycling on highways. There is a risk of falling into a blockage or falling behind if the group is much stretched. Favorites usually keep in mind. Ahead of the work passes shifts.
Separation – a group that pulled ahead of the main peloton. The goals are different: the desire to win the stage, get the title of an aggressive racer, score points, advertise the sponsor. The riders of this group spend more energy, so they get very tired by the end of the stage.
Blade – a group that has fallen behind the peloton. These riders will try to get ahead as quickly as possible. They can come to the aid of several gregarious, to pull them to the peloton.
Grupetto – dump on the mountain stage. Riders of this group are interested to go at a calm pace, for them, it is only important to keep within the time and not to overcome the distance at a high pace.