Do you know the rules of cycling on the road? Or ride a bicycle on the road and how to learn to ride a bicycle without an instructor? How to turn at a difficult intersection? Should I drive on the sidewalk or on the side of the road? Where to go if you walk along the suburban route with a broken bike? Who should be the first to cross the intersection – my bike or car?
A lot of questions arise in the head of a cyclist when he goes on the road. Many decide such questions “by eye”, “by experience”, but this is fundamentally wrong. Cyclist – a full participant in the road. He is obliged to know all the requirements of the rules of the road on a bicycle.
The role of the cyclist on the road
Let’s start learning the rules for cyclists with positioning. Of course, the cyclist often travels slowly, much slower than 30 km / h, by which some road users are cut off. The cyclist is not protected by a body or safety arcs. It is difficult for a cyclist to show a turn signal or to look in a mirror before passing through the intersection.
However, the bicycle and its driver have exactly the same rights as many for some reason forget the same duties as drivers of cars or motorcycles. In the SDA for cyclists, there is only one small item of additional restrictions, which we will consider a little later. Guide- the best road bike for you.
Let us analyze the main terms used by the authors of the traffic rules and rules of cycling on the road. Descriptions are abbreviated in order not to obscure the mind of the reader in the official language of laws.
Bicycle – a vehicle with at least two wheels, driven by muscular energy, which, moreover, can have an electric motor.
A driver is a person driving a vehicle. Those. The cyclist is, precisely, the driver.
At the same time, a cyclist who drives a bicycle next to him is equal to a pedestrian, completely changing his role in road traffic.
Rights and obligations
As it becomes clear from the terminology, a cyclist can quickly change his status on the road if he drives a bicycle around himself. At the same time on the bike, he becomes the driver of the vehicle, taking all the rights and duties thereof, and on foot – a pedestrian (with the only exception of traffic along the route).
Place of movement
Where can I move?
The rules for cycling are quite specific.
- Bicycle lanes – if there is a bike path, then you should go on it.
- On the right edge of the road (the carriageway), not more than one meter from the edge, or on the side of the road – equivalent places. At the same time, moving along the road on foot and driving a bicycle, the movement should be made backward in the direction of travel, and not against, as the rules from pedestrians require.
- On the pedestrian zone or on the sidewalk – the last place where a cyclist can move is allowed to use it only in the absence of the two previous options.
In sum, we see a lot of offenders riding along the sidewalks, while the rules expect the bike to be involved in traffic as a vehicle, and not as a pedestrian with wheels. By the way, all these concerns only bikers from 14 years. Children can choose sidewalks and bike paths for cycling.
Restrictions and prohibitions
A separate section of the rules for cyclists impose a number of restrictions:
- always hold the wheel;
- do not use the phone without a headset (this is a general rule);
- do not drive on the motorways (sign “Road for cars” or “Highway”);
- Do not turn left on multi-lane and tramline roads.
In general, all requirements are quite logical; it requires studying only one thing – with respect to turning to the left. Indeed, at the intersections, the cyclist cannot be turned to the left anywhere, except for crossing a single lane Even in this case, there are questions about the position since the turn will not be made from the leftmost position. We will analyze this and several more examples further as a difficult situation.
Before making a maneuver, a rare cyclist may look in the mirror because of his absence. However, make sure that the maneuver is performed according to the rules of cycling on the road (for example, without interfering with another vehicle) the athlete is obliged. It is necessary to train so that constant turns of the head do not affect the quality of control of the bike.
Cyclists, as well as other vehicles, can make overtaking, and while driving a bicycle, they are only obliged to do it on the left, given the possibility of starting or accelerating overtaken cars. It is possible to overtake even bicycles – the rules do not prohibit to move in two rows if it does not violate other rules.
Passage of intersections
Rules and priority signs apply to cyclists, i.e. turning to the right, the car traveling in parallel with you must give way to the bicycle that goes straight, and the cyclist must give in to the vehicles approaching from the right.
Once again, pay attention to the turn to the left. On a single-lane road, a cyclist has the right to turn in the same way as cars and motorcycles. In other cases, there are two ways to rotate:
- Sequential passage straight, stopping with a turn, another straight passage (i.e. in two movements);
- Overcoming the intersection as a pedestrian.
Driving a bicycle with our hands, we become, when overcoming the intersection with a pedestrian, obtaining the corresponding rights and duties, and we can use the pedestrian crossing and the corresponding traffic light.
Movement near obstacles
Sometimes you have to move near corners, thickets, tunnels and other obstacles that block the view. Due to the fragility of the cyclist, in comparison with other road users, it is recommended to use an audible signal so that approaching vehicles and pedestrians can take into account the appearance of the cyclist because of the visibility zone.
A cyclist, like other participants in the movement, is obliged to give signals about planned maneuvers. If the backpack or frame is not equipped with modern dimensions with turn signals, you should use the well-established sign system with your hands:
- rebuilding or turning to the right – elongated right arm or left arm bent at the elbow;
- rebuilding or turning left – elongated left arm or right arm bent at the elbow;
- Stop – any of the hands rose up.
For submission of characters in the column are also used hands down. For example, the left-hand means “pits on the left” and similarly for the right. This alarm is rarely used.
Before using in a dense stream, for safety, it is necessary to practice making signs, because taking one of the hands off the steering wheel, it is easy to lose control, and together with the requirements for review, this can lead to a fall and injury.
Responsibility and accidents
Cyclists also get into accidents, and the rules for them do not differ from automobile ones:
- You cannot leave the scene.
- Do not touch the vehicle (i.e. bicycle).
- It is necessary to call and wait for the traffic police.
As we have seen, the “bicycle driver” must be a competent participant in traffic, know and follow the rules of cycling, and also feel their responsibility on the road. In addition, knowledge of the rules of the road allows much more efficient movement on a bicycle, because, in addition to restrictions, the rules explain the possibilities of movement, such as priority or correct placement on the lane.
However, one should not forget about safety, the basic rules of cycling on the road – timely designation of maneuvers, sounding of a sound signal and reasonable respect for faster and heavier road users – will save the life and health of a cyclist and allow them to enjoy skiing effectively.