Bicycle gears explained – How to switch speeds on a bike?

Bicycle gears explained - How to switch speeds on a bike

The best bicycle gears explained for proper gear shifting while cycling is essential. Many important things depend on this: a) how effective the recoil from the muscles of the cyclist is, b) the safety of the knee joints and c) the wear of the system’s chain and stars and the cassette.

The very first thing you need to know is to choose a gear so that it is easy to turn. In this case, the pedal speed (cadence) is 80-90 rpm. For starters, this seems too fast; at this pace, they blurt out.

Action athletes

However, this cadence is verified by many years of experience of athletes and cyclists. It is there that the highest efficiency from pedaling is, and more importantly, the knee joints are not overloaded. Read more in the article about the problem of pain in the knees.

For the safety of transmission, you should try not to allow the chain to skew. For example, the typical mistake of beginners: put a chain on the biggest leading star and change speeds with a rear derailleur.

Cassette chain

When you need to go uphill, they drive the chain to the cassette’s biggest star, which is why it is completely skewed. The chain works for wear, its flexible links are pierced faster than when the transmission does not experience additional load.

Bicycle speeds

Therefore – this is the correct algorithm for switching speeds on a bicycle. Put the middle star in front and get underway. Pick up the gear with a rear derailleur, as I said before – so that there is no heavy load on the legs.

The road went downhill, and the speeds behind are not enough to add – then throw on the big star in front. But do not forget to switch back to the middle one as soon as the tempo becomes normal.

Cassette range

Same with low gears. Let’s go uphill, and you lack the range of the cassette when the middle front star is on – go to the small one and return back when the road again became level.

Remember that a working front star is average. Only from it, there will be no significant distortion of the chain, it does not matter if you drive it too low gears or too high ones. If you follow these simple rules and lubricate the chain in time, then the transmission will last for a very long time.

Cassette works

If the chain has already worn out so much that it jumps over the back stars, then throw it away with the cassette and buy new ones. If you change only the chain, it will not get on the old, worn cassette, and normally such a transmission will not work.

A good choice of consumables for a bicycle in this online bike shop, 20% VAT is deducted when sent to CIS countries, and if the total amount of the order exceeds $ 149, delivery is free.

Dear readers, what do you think is the current trend to increase gears on a bicycle? After all, not so long ago it was the standard of 27 speeds, and today it’s already 30. Is it really necessary or is it just marketing?

Useful articles

Many beginners do not properly use the potential of modern multi-speed bikes.

I have such an algorithm: with the middle star in front, I use all the real stars, except the outer ones, with the big and small front ones – half the rear ones from the corresponding side.

Regarding the increase in the number of speeds, I am only for gear ratios are getting closer, it is easier to keep an even rhythm when pedaling. Now I have 3×8 speeds. When I kill the transmission, it will be necessary to put 3×9 or 3×10.

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